Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The castle was used as a prison since at least 1100, although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. The Tower has served variously as an armoury, a treasury, a menagerie, the home of the Royal Mint, a public records office, and the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.

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Tower ravens. “If the ravens leave the Tower, the kingdom will fall…” is the old superstition.

Tower jewels. The Tower has been home to precious jewels since William the Conqueror began storing treasure there. Today there are 23,578 jewels, and the most impressive single piece is the Imperial State Crown, which contains 2,868 diamonds, 273 pearls, 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds and five rubies.

Tower zoo. For over 600 years there was a royal menagerie in the Tower of London. It was founded by King John in the early 1200s and was filled with exotic animals given as royal gifts for the entertainment and curiosity of the court.

Tower mint.The Royal Mint was set up at the Tower of London in 1278. At the time, many of the coins in circulation were minted locally around the country.

Tower prison. The Tower wasn’t built as a prison but it was convenient to keep state prisoners there, as it was near the courts in Westminster and was a Royal Stronghold. Bishop Flambard, a former Constable of the Tower, was the first prisoner, and the first escapee, in 1100. 

Tower block. Only 22 executions have ever taken place inside the Tower of London. Most happened on the nearby Tower Hill. The last man to be beheaded there was the Jacobite octogenarian Lord Lovat on April 9 1747.

(Source: lheartlondon)


57 notes | Reblog | 1 year ago
Posted on November 24th at 3:02 PM
Tagged as: london. landmarks. tower of london.
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    That Tower is mad.
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    Casey and I went here yesterday and we also did the London Eye.
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